miércoles, 28 de diciembre de 2011

Equality - Suffrage and UK voting rights

Very interesting video about the Equality:
 Historical facts and  how the universal suffrage affects women and men, based in professional psychological arguments:

Women's suffrage in the United Kingdom as a national movement began in 1872. Women were not prohibited from voting in the United Kingdom until the 1832 Reform Act and the 1835 Municipal Corporations Act. Both before and after 1832 establishing women's suffrage on some level was a political topic, although it would not be until 1872 that it would become a national movement with the formation of the National Society for Women's Suffrage and later the more influential National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS). 
Little victory was achieved in this constitutional campaign in its earlier years up to around 1905. It was at this point that the militant campaign began with the formation of the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU). However, although effective in publicising the issue, the WSPU's advocacy of violence was not popular and the overwhelming majority of active supporters of female suffrage continued to support the NUWSS.
The outbreak of the First World War led to a halting of almost all campaigning, but some argue that it was the competence of women war workers that led to the extension of the franchise to women over the age of 30 in 1918; providing they were householders, married to a householder or if they held a university degree. Universal suffrage for all adults over 21 years of age was not achieved until 1928.

John Stuart Mill was elected in 1848, the first Ladies Discussion Society was formed, debating whether women should be involved in public affairs. Although a society for suffrage was proposed, this was turned down on the grounds that it might be taken over by extremists.
1897 saw the foundation of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies(NUWSS) by Millicent Fawcett. This society linked smaller groups together and also put pressure on non supportive MPs using various peaceful methods
Founded in 1903, the WSPU, headed by the Pankhursts, and its militant tactics (demonstrations, stone-throwing, arson, window-smashing, hunger-strikes) was also considered to have been extremely influential to the cause - drawing attention to the necessity for change through their continued presence in the public eye.

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